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Specialization is the means by which a spellcaster increases their mana efficiency in a given area of magic. Granted to intelligence-based casters (wizard, enchanter, necromancer, and magician) at level 20 and priest classes (cleric, shaman, and druid) at level 30, they obtain the ability to specialize in the five fields of magic. Whilst a caster can gain skill in all five, only one field can exceed a skill of 50. Whichever skill first exceeds 50 becomes the primary Specialization of the caster from then on. If you choose the wrong specialty, you can alter it by completing a Respecialization quest in the Temple of Solusek Ro.
How does it work?
As of the 12/1/14 patch, Specialization has been modified to apply a skill-based mana cost reduction with every spell cast. The higher your skill in Specialization, the greater the reduction in the mana cost of the spell. For more detailed information, see this thread.
The formula is approximately 1% mana preservation per 18.7 skill points, resulting in a savings of just under 3% mana preservation at skill 50, and nearly 11% at skill 200. Depending on a player's tactics and style, this benefit can have a tremendous effect on the mana efficiency of their spells.
Note: It has been confirmed by Geoffrey Zatkin, the once Arch-Magi at Verant that:
* Specialization does not increase chance of recovering after interruption. This is based purely on Channelling * Specialization does not make spells cast faster. This is a fixed amount.
To raise your skill you may want to spend one practice point in the skill initially. This will raise your skill to 20. Spend 1 point in each of the five skills. If you don't put a point in the skills, they will still raise normally but will start at 1. After this the best idea is to pick the Specialization you want, memorize a Level 1 spell of that type and cast it on yourself for ten minutes or so until you reach 51 skill. After that you can simply go and play normally safe in the knowledge your primary Specialization is set. It rises fairy quickly so don't be surprised to see it climb up fast. The max skill limit on Specialization is 5 + (5 x Level), with a maximum of 200.
What should I specialize in?
This is of course the big question. In some cases, such as wizards, the answer is clear. However, the other classes have a bit of a tougher time in making their decision. Firstly it is recommended you examine the spell lists on this site and search by spell type to get an idea of exactly what spells are in what class. For example if you were an Enchanter thinking of specialising in Evocation, you would notice that only 5 of the 200+ spells use this skill. It would be ill advised to specialize in Evocation as an enchanter.
When deciding between competing Specializations you have to weigh up the number of spells which will benefit from it, the situation those spells will be used in, how often you will use those spells, and the average mana cost of that class of spells.
Note that if you accidentally specialize in the wrong thing there is a quest in the Temple of Solusek Ro which can wipe you Specializations so you can start them all over again.
Enchanters really only have two choices to go for in Specialization: Alteration and Conjuration.
Alteration is by far the more popular choice as 80% of enchanter spells are of this nature. It includes roots, hastes, slows, DoTs, charms, and most buffs and debuffs. Most enchanters choose this as their field of Specialization.
Conjuration is used for the mesmerisation series of spells. This is the major use of crowd control in the game. Some Enchanters once they reach Level 50, complete the quest at the Temple of Sol Ro and switch to this Specialization as they find they are casting more mes-based spells than any other type. It is really a question of gameplay.
Generally speaking, unless you are very sure, if you are making an Enchanter I recommend you specialize in Alteration.
There are two main choices when choosing what to specialize in as a magician: Evocation or Conjuration. Your final decision is really a matter of personal strategy.
Evocation-based spells are used almost exclusively during battle, where specialization will give you the most benefit, and among the magician's repertoire only the Shock of Blades line are Conjuration-based DD spells. All the AE and rain spells, as well as the remainder of DD spells, use Evocation. A mage who prefers grouping, or burning down enemies as fast as possible when soloing, will benefit most from specializing in Evocation.
Conjuration is another option for mages to master. Magicians have more Conjuration-based spells than any other class. Whether it's summoning up some food or making that fire pet, a magician uses Conjuration a lot. However, unless your combat strategy involves chain-summoning pets, the majority of your Conjuration casting will take place during downtime, reducing the effectiveness of having it as your specialization.
There is an argument to be made to specialize in Alteration for a mage who prefers healing his pets to re-summoning or chain-casting them. However, this would cater only to a very specific playstyle that becomes less viable as you rise in levels, when NPC damage begins to outpace the amount healed by the Renew Summoning line of spells.
There is really no choice with wizards. Wizards do one thing - nuke. And they do it big time. Simply stated wizards should specialize in Evocation. I did hear of one wizard who specialized in Alteration so that they could do more successful evacs. This is a serious commitment as you are basically forgoing a very serious nuking advantage to be a professional evacer but it is a question of player preference.
Necromancers have maybe the hardest choice of all. There are three classes of magic which would all be powerful additions for a necromancer.
Firstly there is Alteration. This covers many of the DoTs, Lifetaps, and Undead Charms. These spells are used a lot by necromancers, often in heavy combat situations.
Secondly there is Evocation. Whilst necromancers don't get a lot of nukes, they still pack quite a punch and can be quite nice with a primary Specialization. Whilst soloing necromancers tend to rely on their DoTs more, a necromancer with a good solid guild may find it worthwhile to specialize in Evocation.
Lastly there is Conjuration. This series covers the pet summonings, darkness and disease series of spells. It is probably the second most popular Specialization for the class after Alteration.
I would recommend going with Alteration myself since you will use these spells as a Necromancer more than any other.
Clerics have two primary choices of Specialization: Alteration and Evocation.
Alteration is by far the most popular choice. It covers heals, cures, roots, and resurrection spells. This means you'll be able to heal more damage for every point of your mana, the most important consideration for any cleric outside of soloing. It can also reduce the cost of mana-intensive resurrection spells.
Evocation is a choice that many clerics attempting to solo decide to go for. All the cleric direct damage spells are Evocation, and apart from the Ward Undead and Ward Summoned line are inherently inefficient. The cleric's stun line is also evocation-based, providing some utility for a cleric in a group, as every point of damage a stunned mob doesn't do is one that doesn't need to be healed.
If you are a cleric, I heavily recommend Alteration as your Specialization.
Druids have 3 choices of Specialization: Conjuration, Alteration and Evocation.
Conjuration is mainly useful for druids who kite, as it is the basis for their low-resist DoT line (Stinging Swarm, etc). As the primary means of damage for a druid kiting or root-rotting individual mobs, this can save you considerable mana and make you much more effective.
Evocation is the basis of all the druid DD spells. These are quite mana hungry, and druids certainly get some nasty spells in this line. Evocation is good for both grouping (as DPS) and soloing druids.
Alteration is the basis of a druid's teleports, roots, certain buffs (SoW, strength), as well as their charms, heals and regeneration spells. Because of how frequently these spells are cast, especially in a group, Alteration is a very viable choice for druids.
If you are a druid deciding on a specialization, you must consider your preferred style of play. Evocation and Conjuration each enhance very specific strategies, while Alteration is a good choice if you want to retain the most versatility.
For further discussion of Druid specialization choices see:
- https://www.project1999.com/forums/showthread.php?t=70455 (2012, advocates Evocation)
- https://www.project1999.com/forums/showthread.php?t=190125 (2015, advocates Alteration, with dissent for Evocation)
Shamans have two real choices: Alteration and Conjuration.
Conjuration is mainly useful for shamans who solo or kite a lot. This is a good Specialization to take if you plan on soloing up until around level 35, or plan on using DoTs a lot.
Alteration is used for almost all of a shaman's buffs, heals, regenerations and the like. These are cast far more often in groups, and you can save a great deal of mana with this as your Specialization.
Alteration is a pretty safe bet, but if you attack more, and enhance less, then Conjuration is still worth considering.
Keep in mind in the spell lists you can list the spells by Alteration, Evocation, etc. This is very useful to see exactly what Specialization will benefit.